The natural trehalose, found in daily food and animals and plants, is a non-reductive disaccharide constituted by two glucoses via a,a-1,1 glycosidic bond. The trehalose represented by our company is transformed from starch via special enzymatic technology by Japanese Linyuan company. Its safety had through the U.S.A FDA certification and obtained the title of the safety and healthy food (GRAS). The trehalose is a multifunctional food additive, and is widely used in baked food, rice products, forzen prepared food, seafood processing, beverage, candy and health food. And it is also used in medicine, cosmetics and other fields.
The features of low sweet, no browning phenomenon, low moisture absorption and high crystallizability play a good result on the aspects of preventing starch retrogradation, protein denaturation, lipid deteriorationn ihibition. The trehalose can inhibit the production of fish smell and has a wide range effect on taste modification and olfaction modification. It can inhibit the deterioration of quality caused by frozen or drying.
Trehalose is a non-reductive glycose formed by two glucose molecules via a,a-1,1 glycosidic bond. Its own nature is very stable and has magic protective effect on many bioactive substances. Scientists found that a type of desert plant, leaf roll sypress, almost dies during drought, but it revives after in water; alpine plant herbal selaginellae can tolerate ice cold; some insects are not frozen and dry under the low and high temperatural, dryness condition. It is the trehalose that creats the miracle of life. The trehalose is dubbed “glycose of life” in the world of science. The authoritative international magazine, “Nature”, published an article to comment the trehalose in July, 2000. In this article, the author said that to many lifes, the presence or absence of trehalose means life or death.
Trehalose has a magic protective function in organism, because it can form a unique protective membrane at cell surface under the low, high temperature, hypertonia dryness or other severe conditions. This protective membrane can prevent protein from inactivation, therefore maintain the life process and vital signs in life body. Many species with extraodinary stress tolerance on outside harsh conditions directly relate to the trehalose existed aboudantly in their bodies. Other glycose, such as sucrose, glucose don’t have such function. This unique featur makes the trehalose not only be used as excellent active protector in protein drug, enzyme, vaccine and other biological products, but also can be used as important component in remaining cell activity and moisture cosmetics. It also can be used as ingredient to prevent food derterioration, keep food fresh, improve food quality. All of these extend the function of trehalose as natural edible candy.
Trehalose uses the most advanced biological engineering technology and production process, applies complete sets of equipment estabished according to the international pharmaceutical standards, uses natural cassava without transgene as material and produces in large scale. The product indicators have reached international standards of similar products. Advanced production prcess and a whole set of quality system provide trehalose product series with perfact quality and reasonable price for domestic and foreign markets and benefit the biological product, cosmetics, baked food, seafood processing, animal product processing, rice product, beverage, candy, planting ,cropping and other industries.
The application of trehalose in food industry
Like other saccharides, trehalose can also be used in food industry, include beverage, chocolate and candy, baked food and quick-frozen food.
l Baked food
Trehalose has potential value in baked food, it can regulate the frosting on cake, cookies and patry, the sweetness and flavor of cream bread and fruit filling, not damage the shelf life, and let people taste the original flavor.
At the same time, trehalose can help to lower fat in cookie, cream bread and frosting and generate a unique feeling of frosting from nice cake and fast food. It drives the custumers accept high-calorie food contianing high fat and sugar easily. When keeps the shelf life of product, trehalose can reduce the flowing of moisture in baked cake with multicomponent and increase sweetness.
Trehalose can be mixed with other sweeteners and used in candy, juice beverage and herbal product to regulate product sweetness and maintain the original flovor of products.
Trehalose used as the outer layer of candy can form a stable non-moisture obsorbing protective membrane. Because of its stable property, trehalose can exist for a long time in high temperature condition without afraid of hydrolysis and discoloration, and has no side effect on product quality.
The dissolution characteristic of Trehalose makes it can roll easily to form protective membrane. This membrane is very stable and solid.
l Energy product
Trehalose can be decomposed to glycose and has a smooth reaction on blood sugar. This unique feature combined with its low cariogenicity makes it very suitable for beverage according to formula, to provide energy and relieve pressure.
Trehalose can regulate the sweetness of candy when it used in chocolate, and very suitable for soft candy with milk and fruit filling product full of water. Trehalose also can reduce free H2O in product full of water. In model goods, trehalose provides the possiblity of improving the sweetness of products and generating new chocolate flavor.
Because of its low cariogenicity, acted as a main sweetener or mixed with other low cariogenicity sweeteners, trehalsoe can be used in tooth-health products. Extra grade of trehalose can be used together with polyalcohol to make chocolate. The absorbed heat during disssolving can lower the cooling effect of polyacohol to minimum.
Trehalose is the best sweetness regulator in processed fruit. Adding trehalose to fruit product can maintain original flavor of product while has no effect on product shlef life.
Besides, due to the stable property, trehalose can not hydrolyze and the fruit added with trehalose can keep its original gloss.
Trehalose can be used in accessary food and delicious jam, regulate sweetness to generate flavor and maintain the shelf life of products.
l Quick-frozen product
Trehalose can replace sucrose to reduce thawing point of ice cream and other frozen food, form new frosting on frozen food and frozen candy with lovely taste.
Trehalose tastes a little sweet in beverage, and can be used together with other sweeteners to complete sweetness and improve the food flavor. In bevegare with alcohol, trehalose does not damage the sense of alcohol, it can improve the taset of the beverage.
l Sea food
Trehalose acts as a very effective cryoprotectant for sea food. When trehalose inhibits the functionality of water at the interface between protein and water, the sea food increases its hardness, flexibility and gel welling. The feature of slight sweetness can also improve the taste and quality of sea food. Different from other cryoprotectants for sea food, trehalose won’t cause hot flush in throat and has no diarrhoea problem.
The application of trehalose in drug industry
1. Trehalose has successfully replaced plasma protein to use as stabilizaing agent for blood product, vaccine, lymphocyte, tissue cell and other bioactive substances to let these substances can dry and keep in normal temperature, and the most importeant is to prevent deadly disease ( hepatitis, AIDS) spreading caused by blood contamination. The world health organization pays a close attention to it.